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North Carolina History  


Born in the small town of Godwin (Cumberland County) in 1900, David Marshall "Carbine" Williams was the creator of the M-1 Carbine, the U.S. Army's favorite semi-automatic rifle during World War II.
In the summer of 1918, five large German submarines (U-boats) crossed the Atlantic and operated against the lightly protected shipping off the North American coast.
Found in Yancey County, Mount Mitchell is the largest mountain in North Carolina.
The August 24, 1587 baptism of Virginia Dare, the first English born Christian in the New World. Image courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, NC.
Although Raleigh did not lead these expeditions to the New World, he funded and authorized them.
Serving on the vestry of Saint Thomas Parish in Bath with the (supposedly hanged) pirate, Edward Salter is Blackbeard's widow's second husband, John Barrow.
A handful of documents changed the character of the United States. The 13th Amendment, formally ending legal slavery in this country, is one of them.
William W. Kitchin received his initial education nearby his birthplace in Scotland Neck, North Carolina. He later attended the University of North Carolina and studied law under his father.
Governor Umstead (pictured here) allowed the "Governor's Special Advisory Committee on Education" to respond to the Brown decision. Image courtesy of the State Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina.
When the U.S. Supreme Court issued the Brown v. Board of Education decision, Umstead appointed a biracial committee to study the most effective way to accomplish integration in North Carolina schools.
Harris Teeter started out as two independent grocery stores. In 1939, Willis L. Teeter and his brother Paul opened Teeters Food Mart in Mooresville with a $1,7000 loan.
Although born in Scotland in 1733, Samuel Johnston lived in North Carolina from infancy. Historians have described the native Scot as a "prominent voice for the Patriot cause" who possessed "Revolutionary zeal." Even so, many North Carolinians today are unaware of his illustrious political and legal
Raised in Littleton, North Carolina, Ella Baker graduated valedictorian from Shaw University on 1927.
Before Sir Walter Raleigh's expedition landed on the Outer Banks in 1585, French and Spanish explorers traveled across modern-day North Carolina and led the European powers in claiming American land.
John H. Baker served as North Carolina's first African American sheriff. He served in this office for twenty-four years.
Lake Phelps in Tyrrell County, first discovered about 1755, is located in the middle of the swampland known as "the Great Eastern Dismal," or the "Great Alligator Dismal."
Sacred Heart Cathedral is the Mother Church for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh, making it the spiritual center for Catholics in eastern North Carolina.
Hartford, along with numerous other musicians and historians, believed that Earl Scruggs was the true reason behind bluegrass music and the banjo's popularity and resonance.
A Brunswick County native, William Henry Hill was the state's district attorney, a state senator, a University of North Carolina Trustee, and a U.S. Congressman.
The first permanent white settler in what is now Tennessee was William Bean, who settled in 1769 on Boone's Creek, near where it flowed into the Watauga River.
The last commander of Fort Fisher before its surrender to occupying Union forces, James Reilly's postwar years reveals the bond that many former Confederate and Union soldiers exhibited during the 1880s and 1890s.
Plans are currently underway for dredging to begin at the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge on N.C. 12 over the Oregon Inlet in Dare County.
Born in Charleston, South Carolina, on March 28, 1818, Wade Hampton III was heir to one of the largest fortunes in the South. Wade Hampton III was a proficient businessman and legislator, who had misgivings about the slavery system.
Co-founder of Food Town (later renamed Food Lion), Ralph Ketner started working in the grocery business as a child in his father's meat store in Salisbury, North Carolina and later as a teenager during the Depression in his brother's Kannapolis, North Carolina store.
Congress established Kill Devil Hills National Memorial on March 2, 1927 to commemorate Wilbur and Orville Wright and their contribution to aeronautics and for conducting the world's first successful heavier-than air flight.
Called by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1789, the Fayetteville Convention was the second meeting to consider ratification of the Federal Constitution in North Carolina.
Patriot, Continental Congress member, and North Carolina signer of the Declaration of Independence, John Penn was a native of Caroline County, Virginia.
The 1669 act was an early regulation of marriage in Carolina. The statute was enacted by the Lords Proprietors, who governed according to the Charter of 1663 (above). image courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, NC.
Waste Industries USA, Inc. is based out of Raleigh, North Carolina and is one of the fastest growing waste and recycling service companies in the Southeast. Lonnie C. Poole Jr., a graduate from NC State University, founded the company in 1970.
Benjamin Everett Jordan was born in Randolph County, North Carolina, in the town of Ramseur on September 8, 1896.
On November 3, 1979, an armed confrontation between members of the Maoist Communist Workers Party (CWP) and several Klansmen and Nazis ended with four CWP members and one supporter being shot dead.
Born on March 3, 1923, Arthel "Doc" Watson is an icon for folk, bluegrass, and country music due to his mastery of the flat-top guitar.
A native of Laurinburg, Sanford possessed a strong commitment to excellence from an early age.
Republicanism is a term for beliefs that have defined the American political experiment. In particular, republicanism stems from a form a government where the people are sovereign. In such a government, virtuous and autonomous citizens must exercise self-control for the common good.
During the difficult times of the Depression era, several North Carolina entrepreneurs pooled together their limited resources to form businesses, such as Texas Pete, that fostered the state's economic success in the twentieth century.
Josiah Collins, Sr. was born near Taunton, Somersetshire, England in August 1735 as the son of David and Joan Collins.
Formed out of Moravian musical societies and community bands that exemplified the traditional importance of brass instruments, particularly the trombone, the Salem Brass Band served the Confederacy from the first days of the Civil War until June 1865, when members were finally released from prison.
A former North Carolina slave turned abolitionist and author, Harriet Jacobs was born in bondage in Edenton. Her father was a white farmer and her mother a mulatto house slave.
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